The visitors from the Ukraine grew in confidence but the dismissal of Joonas Tamm, who saw his second yellow card for repeated foul play at the hour mark, changed proceedings on the pitch.
The Celta captain opened the scoring after receiving a pass from Nolito after 15 minutes in an entertaining match which saw Celta play some impressive football.
Prior to the game, both sides needed a victory to secure them a top four berth with only two games left in the Suzhou division.
Qingdao scored the consolation goal from Denis Popovic's penalty in the dying minutes.
Brazil's Santos also moved within sight of a berth in the next round with a 2-1 win over 10-man Delfin in the Ecuadorian port city of Manta.
The Guangzhou side leads the table with 31 points with the win, while Henan Jianye languish at second from the bottom with six points. Enditem
Qingdao went one player down eight minutes after the break as Yin Yaji collected his second yellow card.
Zhang Changning (3rd L) of Jiangsu celebrates during the Group A match between Jiangsu and Tianjin at the 2020 Chinese Women's Volleyball Championship in Jiangmen, south China's Guangdong Province, on Sept. 26, 2020. (Xinhua/Qin Lang)
Similarly, the CAF, in a letter signed by its president Ahmad Ahmad, said the continental football body shares in the agony of the GFA.
The 2020 season marks the debut of a new region, PCS, which encompasses players and teams from Southeast Asia. For the 2020 World Championship, the PCS has two seeds.
"It was a very cruel game, and it was regrettable that we failed," said Pang Li, Wuhan's coach, adding that the club will sum up the matches in the first phase and be prepared for the next phase.